The creator want to thank Nikon Australia for supplying the Z9 mirrorless camera and a number of other lenses, and Nauticam for offering their NA-Z9 housing for the Nikon Z9 and numerous equipment used on this overview.
A fiddler ray swims in-between kelp (Nikon Z9, Nikon AF-S 8–15mm f/3.5–4.5 fisheye lens, twin Ikelite DS230 strobes, f/13, 1/40s, ISO 400)
As a long-term Nikon DSLR person, I used to be curious to see how the Nikon Z9 in contrast for underwater pictures within the low-light and low-visibility waters the place I dive essentially the most—the temperate waters of Sydney, Australia and different spots in New South Wales.
This text focuses on the three principal areas the place DSLRs have historically outperformed mirrorless cameras: autofocus efficiency, viewfinder expertise, and battery life. I additionally contact on burst taking pictures and provide my opinions on the Nauticam NA-Z9 housing, which was used for this overview.
The take a look at rig: Nikon Z9 in Nauticam NA-Z9 housing, with twin Ikelite DS230 strobes
Unsurprisingly, on paper, the Nikon Z9’s autofocus system is fairly higher spec’d than that of my DSLRs, the cropped-sensor Nikon D500, introduced in January 2016, and the full-frame Nikon D850, unveiled in August 2017. The Z9’s 493 detection factors cowl about 90% of the body, in comparison with round 50% for the D500 and solely about 21% for the D850. Furthermore, the Z9’s AF focus factors are designed to work in very low gentle, as little as –7 EV, in comparison with –4 EV for the central focus level of the D500/D850. Lastly, the Z9 has Animal Detection AF performance, which will be activated “on prime” of the standard autofocus modes which can be discovered on the D500/D850 (AF-S, AF-C 3D, AF-C Auto-area, and so on.).
Autofocus for Macro
For testing close-up autofocus efficiency, I paired the Z9 with the Nikon Z 105mm f/2.8 macro lens, which is optically glorious and likewise felt extra reactive than its F-mount predecessor, presumably courtesy of the dual-AF motor of the Z-mount lens. The Z9 was excellent at monitoring transferring fish in low visibility and low ambient gentle, with no need a spotlight gentle. I used to be impressed how “sticky” the autofocus (AF-C 3D) was, hardly ever dropping the topic regardless of less-than-ideal situations.
Prime: The attention of this goatfish stayed in focus regardless of the animal stirring up silt because it looked for meals, in 13-feet visibility, on the finish of an overcast day. I had over 80% critical-focus success in these situations. Backside: The Z9’s “sticky” autofocus system managed to trace the attention even because the fish turned away (Nikon Z9, Nikon Z 105mm f/2.8, twin Retra Flash Professional strobes, f/11, 1/200s, ISO 400)
As this White’s seahorse moved behind items of algae, the Z9 saved the main focus locked on its eye. The “Block Shot AF Response” was set to three (Intermediate) (Nikon Z9, Nikon Z 105mm f/2.8, twin Retra Flash Professional strobes, f/8, 1/200s, ISO 64)
I solely needed to activate the main focus gentle when it grew to become so darkish that my eyes couldn’t discern fish except they had been transferring. With the main focus gentle nonetheless on, I examined erratic topic monitoring with the tiny southern pygmy leatherjacket, a species that seemingly can’t cease buzzing round. I picked an open aperture, AF-C 3D mode, chosen the attention, after which saved monitoring whereas taking photographs. Out of the 18 pictures of the identical particular person I took in two minutes, 16 had been sharp on the attention—a powerful 89% success charge!
Southern pygmy leatherjacket: 18 pictures taken in two minutes at f/4 (uncropped), 16 of them tack-sharp on the attention, regardless of the floating particles in about 13-feet visibility! (Nikon Z9, Nikon Z 105mm f/2.8, twin Retra Flash Professional strobes, f/4, 1/200s, ISO 100)
For many of my time utilizing the Z9, I had Animal Detection AF turned on and it labored with quite a few species, together with goatfish, seabreams, wrasses, boxfish, seahorses, and at occasions, octopuses. This relied on situations although: On some dives, seahorses had been constantly detected, whereas on others, the Z9 failed to acknowledge the seahorse topic. Clearer water and extra ambient gentle appeared to extend the probabilities of topic detection. It additionally helped to pre-focus close to the topic, in order that the Z9 might “see” greater than a blurred form.
I often disabled Animal Detection AF once I might see the Z9 was confused by an animal’s physique. For instance, the Z9 mistook a southern pygmy leatherjacket’s pores and skin patterns for eyes, so I switched it off when taking pictures the above sequence.
Crimson Mild Concern
I additionally took the Z9 evening diving. Sadly, the autofocus efficiency dropped once I switched to my crimson focus gentle: The digicam was typically slower and hunted for focus at occasions. This required me to alter the best way I shoot at evening, relying extra on white gentle, which is ok for many topics, however not all. I’ve learn studies of this drawback impacting Sony customers too, although I’m uncertain about Canon. I’ve been instructed Nikon are trying into this; it could be nice to see enhancements with a firmware replace.
Animal Detection AF locked on to this potbelly seahorse immediately, more often than not the entire head, typically narrowing right down to the attention. The seahorse, the sponge and myself had been all transferring because of the surge, and Animal Detection AF spared me the hassle to manually place my focus level over the attention when initiating steady monitoring (AF-C 3D) (Nikon Z9, Nikon Z 105mm f/2.8, twin Retra Flash Professional strobes, f/4, 1/200s, ISO 64)
Impressively, Animal Detection AF reliably recognized and tracked the attention of this Sydney pygmy pipehorse as quickly because it turned in direction of me and I pre-focused close to its head (Nikon Z9, Nikon Z 105mm f/2.8, Nauticam SMC-1, twin Retra Flash Professional strobes, f/29, 1/200s, ISO 800, 10% crop)
Z9 Versus D500
Earlier than I might confidently write whether or not or not the Z9 had outperformed my DSLRs for macro, I wanted to match the cameras aspect by aspect. I spent two lengthy dives carrying each the Z9 and the D500, mounted with their respective 105mm macro lenses, in search of obliging topics and swapping methods to match their efficiency on the identical people in the very same situations. These are each glorious cameras, so I selected a demanding testing protocol, involving shadows, open aperture, and no focus gentle, to “assist them fail.”
Lengthy story quick, the Z9 achieved important concentrate on round 70% of my take a look at pictures versus solely about 44% for the D500 (each utilizing AF-C 3D). For the lengthy story, with all the small print of the testing routine and outcomes breakdown over 5 completely different topics, test the complete model of this text on The Underwater Membership’s weblog.
Numbers apart, I seen that the D500 was a bit quicker at buying preliminary focus, however then was additionally faster to drop focus, letting it slip from a fish’s eye to its flank. The “sticky” Z9 autofocus described above made fairly a distinction.
The erratic jap easy boxfish swirling in between rocks (Nikon Z9, Nikon Z 105mm f/2.8, twin Retra Flash Professional strobes, f/5.6, 1/200s, ISO 200, DX mode, AF-C 3D with Animal Detection)
Autofocus for Large Angle
For my wide-angle testing, I used the Nikon 8–15mm f/3.5–4.5 fisheye lens mounted on the Nikon FTZ II lens mount adapter behind a Nauticam 140mm glass dome. This was essentially the most related comparability with my favourite wide-angle DSLR setup: the Nikon D500 with the Tokina 10–17mm f/3.5–4.5 fisheye lens behind a Zen 100mm glass dome.
The D500/10–17mm combo has had near a 100% success charge in a wide range of taking pictures situations, and my feeling is that the Z9/8–15mm combo is in the identical league, with maybe a slight edge for quick motion. That is based mostly on 14 hours of diving, masking 9 dive websites, in visibilities starting from 20 to 65 ft, taking pictures a mixture of reefscapes, education fish, gropers, and excited fur seals.
For the seals, the Z9 was set to AF-C, Auto-area AF mode, and Animal Detection enabled, selecting up seals and infrequently their eyes. For basic wide-angle work, my go-to mode was AF-C 3D, with Animal Detection enabled by default.
A pleasant jap blue groper follows divers within the hope for a feed (Nikon Z9, Nikon AF-S 8–15mm f/3.5–4.5 fisheye lens, twin Retra Flash Professional strobes, f/13, 1/100s, ISO 320)
Sponges on the entrance of Sydney’s Botany Bay (Nikon Z9, Nikon AF-S 8–15mm f/3.5–4.5 fisheye lens, twin Ikelite DS230 strobes, f/13, 1/100s, ISO 320)
Over 1,300 fur seal pictures with the Z9, I measured a 99.6% success charge. My D500 has additionally carried out fantastically in such eventualities, however I not have the info to make a direct comparability with the Z9 (Nikon Z9, Nikon AF-S 8–15mm f/3.5–4.5 fisheye lens, twin Ikelite DS230, f/11, 1/200s, ISO 400)
Conclusion: Autofocus Efficiency
I discovered the Z9’s autofocus very spectacular. In comparison with my DSLRs, the broader 90% body protection and the “stickier” monitoring enabled a brand new manner of taking pictures: I might place the main focus level on my topic (AF-C 3D) after which recompose and/or get nearer, whereas having a excessive confidence that the topic could be tracked, even when it swam round and partially turned away. Typically, Animal Detection kicked in, saving me the hassle to place the main focus level. In low ambient gentle, the continual monitoring accuracy was higher than my D500 (with respective 105mm macro lenses), a commendable efficiency.
One adverse is evening diving with a crimson focus gentle, the place I discovered my DSLRs nonetheless do a greater job, however as quickly as I reverted to white gentle, the Z9 had the sting. One other factor to notice is when utilizing the Nauticam Prolonged Macro Large Lens (EMWL): Like another mirrorless cameras, the Z9 suffers from a back-focus concern, which Nauticam is presently . See my DPG article “The Nauticam EMWL for ‘Bugeye’ Pictures” for particulars and methods to work round that drawback.
In contrast with an Optical Viewfinder
When working beneath plentiful ambient gentle and so long as I wasn’t framing into the solar, the Z9’s digital viewfinder (EVF) felt fairly near an optical viewfinder. Presumably, that is because of the ample display decision (3.69 million dots) and the excessive 120Hz refresh charge—the display updates 120 occasions per second. Most significantly, neither the decision nor the refresh charge appear to drop because the digicam focuses or shoots, which additionally helps preserving the expertise “actual.”
I began noticing the EVF in darker situations—darkish sufficient that I’d have struggled to seek out the topic by means of my DSLR’s optical viewfinder. In these situations, the EVF would robotically brighten the scene (use the “Alter for ease of viewing” setting), making it simpler to border pictures with topics hiding in crevices or under rocky ledges, for instance. This allowed me to do and not using a focus gentle, a bonus for shy topics.
The scenario the place the EVF grew to become noticeable in a adverse sense was wide-angle pictures, when viewing high-contrast scenes. Right here, the restricted dynamic vary of an EVF merely can not compete with that of the human eye. In fact, this can be a recognized constraint of all EVFs that has saved some DSLRs customers on the fence about mirrorless cameras, however I personally haven’t confronted any scenario the place the viewfinder prevented me from getting the shot.
Excessive distinction on the entrance of the Fish Rock ocean cave at a depth of about 25 ft: With my focus gentle off, by means of the EVF, I might see the turtle and rocks within the foreground (amplified), however the exit was blown out. I might see fish swimming within the center floor, however the colleges within the background had been arduous to discern
Capturing in direction of the sunball at depth (90 ft), with 50 to 65 ft visibility, this was a extra manageable degree of distinction for the EVF. I might nonetheless see some particulars within the foreground fish—they appeared darkish however not totally black—and within the background, solely the realm across the sunball was blown out
Throughout greater than an hour-and-a-half of packed motion, I took 1,300 pictures in lower than 15 ft of water, with 40 to 50 ft visibility and a vibrant solar. I adopted the seals, taking pictures with both the solar at my again or in entrance of me. I additionally shot the swell window so much, as seals had been sunbathing above me. Because it seems, I understand I can’t recall precisely how the EVF carried out, and that’s is an effective factor: I’d have remembered if I had been unable to border my topics
Night time Dives
Once I noticed a topic throughout an evening dive, I depressed the shutter launch to get up the EVF, aimed the macro lens on the topic, then regarded into the EVF to compose the shot. On a number of events, it took a second for the viewfinder to regulate its brightness: At first, I might solely see a really vibrant show; then particulars appeared. Even when the EVF had “settled down,” the distinction and particulars weren’t nearly as good as what I’m used to with my DSLRs, making it tougher to find topics beneath a crimson focus gentle.
With my Nikon DSLRs, I repeatedly should “get up” the digicam in order that it overlays the publicity parameters on the optical viewfinder. As I transfer to completely different topics, typically I additionally press the Information button to shortly remind myself of all of the settings I’m utilizing—publicity parameters, flash mode, autofocus mode, burst taking pictures pace, and so forth. With the Z9, all of this was a lot simplified: All of the settings I presumably wished to know had been specified by two rows within the EVF, above and under the topic. This allowed me to maintain monitor of topic actions whereas checking these necessary parameters.
One important benefit of the Z9, and all mirrorless cameras, was having the ability to overview photographs with out taking my eye away from the viewfinder. This allowed me to work quicker and benefit from any short-lived picture alternatives. The one circumstances the place I prefered to overview photographs on the rear LCD display was when there was loads of motion, or when it was necessary to take care of situational consciousness. It’s far too simple to neglect the skin world when sticking to the EVF each for taking pictures and reviewing photographs. With the fur seals, I missed some good alternatives as a result of I used to be trying on the EVF, oblivious to the seal pup that was its reflection on my dome port!
It took some time to line up every little thing for this shot, together with crawling between two rocks to get the angle I used to be after. I used to be glad I might test my lighting and publicity with out having to swim again
The FX/DX Change
As a longtime APS-C format (DX) shooter, I knew I’d miss my Tokina 10–17mm and its helpful zoom vary of 180° to 100° angle of view. It was noticeable, for instance, with seals that had been a bit too shy to fill the body when utilizing the Z9 with its full-frame (FX) sensor and the Nikon 8–15mm with its 180° angle of view. That’s the place the choice to change from FX to DX—a standard possibility on Nikon full-frame cameras—is available in very useful.
Clearly, this comes with a lack of decision, however on the Z9, DX-cropped pictures are 19MP as a substitute of the 46MP produced in FX mode, very shut in dimension to the 21MP pictures produced by my Nikon D500—that are principally adequate for my wants. As well as, not like the D850, the place crops are proven in grey within the viewfinder, the Z9’s EVF robotically adjusted to show the precise picture space captured, so I used to be in full management of my composition whereas nonetheless having fun with the Z9’s snug viewfinder with AF factors masking almost 100% of the body.
I spotted I a lot most popular to shoot this fashion at any time when I felt that I lacked magnification in macro or that my wide-angle topic was too shy to fill the body. One other bonus is that the Z9 produces 19MP RAW recordsdata on this mode, which saves on storage and is nice for competitions, the place judges might look unfavorably upon cropping. On the Nauticam NA-Z9 housing, I allotted the FX/DX swap to the Fn3 button, conveniently accessed by way of a lever close to my left little finger. This fashion I might “zoom out” of DX mode immediately, once I noticed a curious seal coming shut sufficient.
Conclusion: Viewfinder Expertise
General, I most popular the Z9 viewfinder expertise over that of high-end DSLRs. I might work quicker with the EVF, I might higher see topics hiding in the dead of night, and I might instantly overview photographs in conditions the place I’d have needed to step again with my DSLR. Additionally, I liked having the ability to toggle between FX and DX modes, at any time when the necessity for an extended focal size arose. The one scenario the place I choose composing photographs with a DSLR is at evening, when utilizing a crimson focus gentle.
Crimson-fingered anglerfish (Nikon Z9, Nikon Z 105mm f/2.8, Backscatter Mini Flash 1 and Backscatter Optical Snoot 1, f/20, 1/200s, ISO 100)
Whereas we discuss with DSLR battery life by way of variety of pictures, the Z9 is extra about period of use. Here’s what I logged over a couple of dives:
- 2h20 of evening diving (macro), 309 pictures, 170s of 4K/60p video => 33% battery used
- 3h50 of diving (mixture of evening plus day, macro), 340 pictures => 50% battery used
- 3h47 of day diving (broad angle), 400 pictures, 100s of 4K/60p video => 50% battery used
- 3h15 day diving (macro), 375 pictures => 47% battery used
- 1h40 of diving with fur seals (broad angle), 1,300 pictures, 24s of 4K/60p video, 29% battery used
In abstract, I anticipated to get roughly seven hours of diving out of a completely charged Z9 battery, which is utilizing principally the EVF (Finder Show Measurement set to “small”) and taking pictures with AF-C 3D and Animal Detection enabled on a regular basis.
The cheeky fur seals of Montague Island in New South Wales had been good take a look at topics for the continual taking pictures efficiency of the Z9, which may seize full-resolution 14-bits RAW recordsdata in bursts of as much as 20fps. I stayed close to the floor within the hope of taking pictures ambient gentle solely, however there weren’t many shut interactions the place I had the solar at my again, correctly lighting the seals.
Steady taking pictures at 20fps in ambient gentle, there have been a bit too many shadows for my style, however the Z9’s metering system labored like a allure (ISO Auto, DX mode, AF-C Auto-area) (Nikon Z9, Nikon AF-S 8–15mm f/3.5–4.5 fisheye lens, f/9, 1/800s, ISO 1400)
I made a decision to change to flash and see if the 2 Ikelite DS230 strobes that I had introduced with me lived as much as their spectacular specs: 213Ws most energy, 120° beam angle, 1.2-second recycle time at full energy. (See DPG’s “Assessment of the Ikelite DS230 Strobe” by Matt Sullivan.) I hoped they may address some degree of burst taking pictures that will do justice to ecstatic seal pups.
At quarter energy or much less, I might shoot quick 0.5-second bursts at 20fps, producing 10 pictures that every one acquired some strobe gentle. The strobes regularly produced much less gentle, however I discovered the lower to be progressive, and it was smoother at decrease powers or when “slowing down” to 10fps. I a lot choose this habits fairly than seeing occasional blackouts, and the progressive gentle lower properly fits an approaching topic.
In the end, I ended up taking pictures bursts both at 10fps or 20fps, typically for 1 or 2 seconds, as I adopted seals swirling round me. Regardless of utilizing a midrange reminiscence card, I by no means needed to wait, courtesy of the Z9’s humongous buffer. There was one adverse, however the Z9 was solely half guilty: My modest 64GB card crammed up faster than I assumed, and I needed to lower the dive quick, after capturing round 1,300 pictures.
With 4 seals within the foreground and 5 within the background, burst taking pictures will increase the percentages of capturing the second when every little thing strains up
Full disclosure: I had dived with 4 Nauticam housings earlier than selecting up the NA-Z9. I’m a giant fan of their ergonomics, the built-in vacuum test system, and their robustness—my Nauticam DSLR housings have taken a good quantity of abuse, as I’ve needed to crawl on the rocks to exit from a few of Sydney’s dive websites extra usually than I wish to admit! Clearly, I attempted my greatest to maintain my loaned NA-Z9 away from stated rocks, so I can’t touch upon its long-term robustness, but it surely felt simply as sturdy as any Nauticam housing I’ve dived with.
Measurement and Weight
As a full-frame physique with an built-in grip, the Z9 is greater and heavier than the D810 and D500 DSLRs that I’ve used essentially the most. As soon as wrapped in a housing, it’s a formidable proposition, as the next desk reveals:
|Mannequin||Width with handles||Peak||Thickness||Weight (housing, digicam, battery)|
Whereas a taller housing is not any shock, I wasn’t anticipating the additional 1.2in/31mm thickness, however this can be a necessity to accommodate the FTZ II adaptor, permitting you to reuse the identical ports that labored with a DSLR when mounting the identical F-mount lenses on the Z9. I’d have most popular a thinner housing, however I discover this trade-off acceptable. When it comes to baggage allowance, the penalty provides as much as 2.8lb/1.26kg, and that is additionally the additional exercise I get when strolling to a dive web site, as I discovered the NA-Z9 has a really related buoyancy to my NA-D810.
The opposite main change is having the lens farther from the bottom. On the Z9 housing, the port sits 1.7in/42mm from the underside of the housing, in comparison with simply 0.4in/10mm on my D810 housing. On a muck dive or when diving over sand, this distinction restricted my potential to get eye degree with the topic, however I discovered this to be annoying simply a few occasions in the course of the 12 hours of muck diving I did with the Z9.
The NA-Z9 housing permits easy accessibility to essentially the most helpful digicam controls by way of buttons and levers positioned inside attain of each handles. Due to an intricate mixture of levers and gears, some controls have been relocated fairly removed from the place they sit on the digicam. For instance, the plus and minus zoom buttons, that are situated on the precise of the rear LCD display are accessed by way of two buttons situated on the other aspect of the housing, close to the left deal with, properly balancing the variety of buttons on both aspect. One other feat is the transformation of the fn1, fn2 and fn3 customized buttons on the entrance of the Z9 into three levers on the housing—two on the left, one on the precise.
For me, the convenience with which lenses will be swapped is a key criterion for deciding on a housing. Excellent news with the NA-Z9: I might swap lenses and ports with out having to open the rear housing shell, and this is applicable to each F-mount and Z-mount lenses. In the meantime, the Z9’s built-in protect protected the dear 46MP sensor and diminished my stress ranges throughout lens swaps.
Education outdated wives over one in all Sydney’s temperate reefs (Nikon Z9, Nikon AF-S 8–15mm f/3.5–4.5 fisheye lens, twin Ikelite DS230 strobes, f/14, 1/20s, ISO 500)
I discovered the Nikon Z9 to be a tremendously succesful digicam, performing higher total than my workhorse Nikon DSLRs, the D500 and D810, in most areas. Three facets specifically set the Z9 other than my DSLRs: First, the “stickier” autofocus allowed me to trace topics and recompose whereas I approached topics, even in low gentle. Second, Animal Detection saved me time by robotically recognizing animals; it labored with many however not all underwater topics, and it was much less delicate in low-light or low-visibility situations. And third, the Z9’s better configurability meant I might set 4 customized buttons, obtainable at my fingertips within the Nauticam NA-Z9 housing.
Lots of the extra the explanation why I most popular underwater pictures with the Z9 relate to at least one necessary inherent benefit of mirrorless cameras over DSLRs: the digital viewfinder. You’ve the flexibility to shortly overview photographs within the EVF, with out having to maneuver away from the topic; you’ll be able to view all of the necessary settings within the EVF; you’ll be able to extra simply see and compose in low gentle as a result of the EVF brightens the scene; and in DX mode, you see the cropped scene in the entire EVF, making the taking pictures expertise as pleasurable as in FX mode.
In fact, even with a flagship digicam just like the Z9, there are some downsides. One bugbear is bulk, sarcastically, given the much-trumpeted dimension and weight benefits of mirrorless. Not so the Z9: This can be a massive and heavy beast. Second, the digicam struggles throughout evening dives when utilizing a crimson focus gentle: The otherwise-excellent autofocus efficiency drops noticeably whereas the EVF’s decrease distinction makes it tougher to find topics. Lastly, DSLR shooters who make heavy use of Nauticam’s EMWL moist lens would possibly need to delay the improve to mirrorless—till the back-focus drawback is fastened.
Earlier than I began testing the Z9, I had requested members of my on-line underwater pictures college, The Underwater Club, what they had been curious to know concerning the Z9, and I’ve answered all their questions right here with one exception. That final query was whether or not the Z9 might take pictures that will be unattainable to seize on a D850 or D500. After giving this some consideration, I couldn’t consider any underwater subject material that’s too difficult for the perfect Nikon DSLRs to seize. As a rebreather diver, I routinely keep down for so long as vital at any time when I discover an ideal topic. I’m able to wait patiently for a topic to come back out of its den once more, and I don’t thoughts backing off to overview photographs, even when it takes one other lengthy, cautious strategy to return to my taking pictures place.
However right here’s the factor: Once I leap on a business boat, my backside time turns into restricted like everybody else’s. Once I dive with different photographers, we’re taking turns and I can’t spend an eternity with a given topic. Additionally, some alternatives are short-lived by nature: It solely takes seconds for 2 pipefish to change their eggs—there aren’t any second possibilities. In such typical eventualities, the Z9 permits you to work faster, and on the subject of important focus, merely has the next keeper charge than the perfect DSLRs. For a lot of, that may make the Nikon Z9 arduous to beat.
Brown sabertooth blenny (Nikon Z9, Nikon Z 105mm f/2.8, Retra Flash Professional strobe and Retra LSD snoot, f/20, 1/200s, ISO 400)
The creator want to thank the members of The Underwater Membership for sharing their ideas and questions on the Nikon Z9, which impressed among the testing performed for this text. A extra in-depth model of this overview will quickly be obtainable on The Underwater Membership’s weblog.
In regards to the Reviewer: Nicolas Remy is an Australia-based professional shooter and founding father of on-line underwater pictures college The Underwater Club. His pictures have been broadly revealed in print and digital media, and have received over 35 worldwide picture awards. To see extra pictures by Nicolas and his spouse Lena, go to their web site, www.nicolaslenaremy.com.